The Alter Rebbe. classes

The Alter Rebbe. Chai Elul is the Alter rebbe's birthday. He was born in 5505/1745.


Ma'amar Shalom Rav 5738
Class One: There are six Pesukim in the Gemara אמר רב אלעזר אמר רבי חנינא we will discuss (only) the first two. תלמידי חכמים מרבים שלום בעולם... וכל בניך לימודי הוי'... אל תקרי בניך אלא בוניך. This Possuk is about bringing peace to the world, revealing Atzmus and making a Dirah Bitachtonim. The idea is to join the Ten Ma'amaros of creation with the ten Dibros of Torah. שלום רב לאוהבי תורתיך ואין למו מכשול speaks to the Shalom that comes to the Talmid Chochom that is altogether removed from the world.



Class Two: Above the idea of bringing peace to the world through being לימודי הוי'ה, one can bring peace to themselves by being אוהבי הוי'ה. This means the level of אברהם אוהבי (Hil Teshuva chapter 10,) serving Him just for His sake. This is connected to the idea of ברכו בתורה תחילה the blessings on the Torah before the learning. The difference between the first level (1st Shiur) and second level (this Shiur) is whether the learning follows the Davening (אהבה, לית םולחנא דרחימותא) or not.



Class Three: In this class the Rebbe introduces an entirely novel idea. In Chassidus (classicly) there are three concepts: 1) Ben- a son, a relationship based on closeness. 2) Eved- a relationship based on submission and distance. 3) Ben Shenaase Eved- where a son has a relationship of subservience like an Eved. Here we have how the Ben (son) is Bottul by being so close that he IS the father, like the idea of מאן מלכי רבנן. The Torah authority is the Giver of the Torah. He uses this to explain שלום רב לאוהבי תורתיך.





Tanya Chapter 11 (Class 1).



This class explores Rasha.
Specifically the connection between Rasha SheAino Gamur and Rasha ViTov Lo, how they are (in Nigla, two different ideas and how they are) in Chassidus one and the same.
The nature of the זה לעומת זה of Rasha ViTov Lo, vs Tzadik ViRa Lo. One is in action the other (only) in feeling.
Many examples are sighted for this kind of Rasha.







Farbrengen 19 Kislev 5780 (2019)



Las Vegas (Formal Talk):
A brief review of the various special occasions linked to this day.
Chassidus, it's about faith, we should (and must) allow ourselves to believe.
Neshama, spiritual (supra-rational) connection to Hashem.



Las Vegas (Informal Talk):
Find yourself a Rebbe and let him teach you how to serve G-d, the WORK of Chassidus.



Los Angeles (Talk One):
What is Chassidus?
Soul, like oil, so familiar and so misunderstood.
All spiritual and absolute and unchanging truths, like what we see in children.
The WORK of Chassidus to transfer the idea of Chassidus into Chossid.



Los Angeles (Talk Two):
Chassidus is Yechida, משכרה נדע מוהתה
The four points of Chassidus
1) Waking up from a faint
2) Being particular about Mitzvos, לכתחילה איד
3) Refining Character.
4) Filling the human mind with (the knowledge of) G-dliness.



Los Angeles (Talk Three): Reminders about the Shiurim





Tanu Rabbanan Ner Chanuka 5738
The issue of Chanuka, was an attack on the Soul (purity and holiness) of Yiddishkeit. It didn't mind the Torah as long as it was intellectual, and Mitzvos were ok, as culture without Him C"V.
The Mesiras Nefesh came from Yechida, completely removed from reason, and is one where one seems to have no possibility to do anything other than Mesiras Nefesh. This is why Chanuka is 8 days, the candles are lit at night, and it is good until the תרמודאי go in. The Sukkos connection (and the elevation of non-Jews) is discussed here.
From the level of Yechida 1) the evil is defeated totally, 2) the evil is transformed to Kedusha.





Parshas Vayeshev, Yeshiva (5780/ 2019)
This Parsha has many ideas (dreams, Yosef's sale, Gilgulim, Moshiach) but we will speak of Yehuda's Teshuva.
Hashem demonstrates how much it means to Him, when someone simply says: I did it. I am wrong. And I am sorry.



(Class 2):
This Class has an introduction about the upcoming 19 Kislev, the Farbrengen and the traditions.
The connection between this introduction and our Hayom Yom is the idea of Avoda, the basis for the "light" of Chassidus is the work.
There's the Work (Avoda) and the light (the Ma'amar Chassidus) that follows the work.
This entry speaks to neither of these. It speaks to what inspires both the work and the Light, or that comes after the work and the light. 



Mitzvasa Mishetishka Hachama 5738
Class One:
This Ma'amar is Hemshech from the previous one.
The Rebbe is discussing the idea of transforming darkness to light.
In this Ma'amar the Rebbe explains (based on a Gemara) that whatever is in Klipa is in Kedusha first.
He gives three examples:
1) The setting sun in Kedusha is the transference from Atzilus to the lower world.
2) The idea of שוק (market) in kedusha is שוקיו עמודי שש the same idea as נתאוה הקב"ה.



Class Two:





Class Seventeen: this continues the previous class.



Dovid has the Kesser (crown) of Malchus, this makes it truly his, no one else could really have had it. Yet Shaul had to come first, like Yosef then Yehuda, first Talmud and then Maaseh, first Giluyim and then Atzmus.



Shaul was higher but it (realistically) wouldn't be that he be the king (forever).



הודו להוי' קראו בשמו Class Eight.



This class explores Pesukim 5-7. The beginning of what Hashem does for Yidden, זכרו נפלאותיו אשר עשה מופתיו ומשפטי פיהו three different types of miracles, the greatest of which is the miracle of the (world following the) Torah משפטי פיהו.



It reaches great Jews who are his servants ישראל עבדו and simple ones who are also his chosen ones בני יעקב בחיריו.



It is rooted in Him who has no appointment הוא השם אלוקינו בכל הארץ משפטיו.





Dovid's Malchus was his essence, no one could have been the kind of king he was. The Mashal of Yosef and Yehuda, the latter is Bittul. 





This class given at the Yeshiva, discusses various points in the Parsha. It includes the story of Binyomin and his challenges, the story of Shimon and Levi (listening to your father), and why the people of Shechem were all guilty and deserving of the punishment they got.



Class Fifteen:



Yosef gave Dovid 33 years, they represent two ideas: the intellect (connected with the world) (30) and the emotions (7). The 37 years of Dovid are (in a real way) the most important for the actual governing the people, even more than the years of Avrohom and Ya'akov. All aspects of his person were in a state of Romemus.



Class Fourteen: Ya'akov gave Dovid 28 years, this is the idea of Tiferes. Because the 28 are the מילוי ומילוי דמילוי of שם הוי'ה. The Milui has a higher source than the name itself, thus the כח אדנ"י is higher than אדנ"י itself. The Mashal of Moshe bentching Hashem to add crowns to the Torah's letters.

Tanya Perek 10, (Class 5). This class has a 20 minute introduction about 10 Kislev. The second idea about Bnei Aliyah, is the idea of איזהו חסיד המתחסד עם קונו the idea of Chassidus- to serve their Maker (Hashem). Two levels 1) מתחסד עם קונו and 2) עם קן דילי'ה the idea of Dira Bitachtonim.

Two Classes (Beth Rivkah Seminary 5780) On the Mitteler Rebbe His Generation: The Mitteler Rebbe was a Rebbe for only 15 years but it was a most intense period, he raised his chassidim to extraordinary heights.



His Demand: The Order of the day in the Mitteler Rebbe's generation was to be steeped in the study of Elokus to the point of mesiras Nefesh: there was nothing else.



Third Class: His time as Rebbe was most intense and his Chassidim lived "the Knowledge of G-d".





Class Thirteen: Yitzchok and Dovid are Hard judgement (Yitzchok) and soft judgement (Dovid), but in this Ma'amar soft judgement is harder than hard judgement because it is a different world (BiY"A) that cannot handle the judgement. Avrohom gives Dovid 5 years, kindness, so he can live.

Class 1: Who builds the 3rd Beis Hamikdosh? Discussion between Rashi, Rambam, Tosfos.



Class 2: 2nd explanation A) We merited. B) He will add a higher light.



Class 3: 3rd and 4th explanation. Clear vs unclear prophesy in Yechezkial.



Class 4: Different types of Iserusa Dileila (heavenly inspiration.) Machlokes about 3rd Beis Hamikdosh.



Class 5: Machlokes about the purpose of the Beis Hamikdosh, Aron, and Mizbeach.





Minui Melech Perek 3,



Class Eighteen:
This is the introduction to the issue of Melech HaMoshaich.
The question is why need a King after Moshaich comes if all Yidden are on a high enough level not to need discipline.
The answer will be that Moshiach will be (needed as) a Rav (teacher).
In Hil Moshiach it is clear that Moshiach is ONLY a King, but in Hil Teshuva he is a Chochom and Novi who teaches Torah, this (according to the Rebbe,) is an Halachic source to the idea of Torah Chadasha.
The Sicha of Torah Chadasha (Shavuos 5751) is discussed. That this new Torah is connected to Nevua also, but it only becomes Torah when understood by non-prophets who learn FROM Moshiach.



Class Nineteen:
Moshiach will be a King at a time when all Yidden are on the level of Atzilus (not needing a king for the conventional reasons), but there will still be a need for him (as a King), like there is a need for a King now for Neshamos of Atzilus.
This is for Torah. And in Torah his personal understanding remains higher than everyone else, like Makif, he will therefore be a King then also.
Question: how to reconcile Moshiach as a King for Torah and the Likutei Sichos vol. 35 page 206 ff that after a time he is no longer (needed as) a King only a Nossi (teacher) ועדיין צריך הדבר עיון.



Class Twenty:
The issue of Moshiach being a Melech for Torah (here) and the idea that he is (not a Melech forever, only) a Nassi after Moshiach comes is further discussed here.
Is his Malchus (Makif) Torah or not.
והדבר עדיין צריך עיון.



Class Twenty One:
Moshiach is a בר נפלא who gets his years directly from Hashem.
The power of Moshiach and the novelty of such a Neshama that can only come into the world this way.
Example: how much does the Rebbe change us?





Hayom Yom 22 Tamuz (Class One): The three ideas: 1) Chassidic thought, 2) Chassidic good custom 3) Chassidic song and their respective impacts.



(Class 2): This Class has an introduction about the upcoming 19 Kislev, the Farbrengen and the traditions. The connection between this introduction and our Hayom Yom is the idea of Avoda, the basis for the "light" of Chassidus is the work. There's the Work (Avoda) and the light (the Ma'amar Chassidus) that follows the work. This entry speaks to neither of these. It speaks to what inspires both the work and the Light, or what comes after the work and the light.





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