Introduction to Achdus Hashem (no text).
Viyadaata- the Possuk MInd and heart- ChaBaD. Achdus of Kabbalah.
Knowing Hashem and going out of Mitzrayim- the connection.
Havaya and Elokim are opposites (1). Havaya- infinite. Elokim- Finitude.
Havaya and Elokim are opposites (2). Havaya- Ohr (light). Elokim- Kelim (vessels). The opposites: Ohr: Giluy, Dvaikus, Pshitus, Bli Gvul. Keli: Helem, Havdala, Hischalkus, Gvul.
Attempted answer: the Tzimtzum allows the two opposites of Havaya and Elokim (Ohr and Keli, Guf and Neshama etc.) to meet altogether.
Refutation of the initial answer: it hides so much more than it reveals it can hardly be called Gilui (1). Words: Etzem- In relationship with itself (only). Gilui- to another (and the “other” gets it) Yesh- INDEPENDENT being. Ohr- A light that is about reflecting it’s source. Ha’arah- a light that is about revelation to...
Refutation of the initial answer: it hides much more than it reveals and therefore cannot (really) be called “Gilui” (2). Three rules of “Etzem” and Gilui. Every Tzimtzum is two Tzimtzums: 1) removing the Ohr Haoleh AL Kulana. 2) Miut (hischalkus) of the Chitzoniyus HaOhr.
Refutation (3). Three types of Tzimtuzm: 1) Tzimtzum HaRishon- Siluk, SHinui Hamehus. 2) Tzimtzumim of Hishtalshelus- Miut. 3) Parsa- through the screen but a new Mehus. Center of each world: Oros and Keilim- Beis Hamikdash; Livushim and Heichalos- Chitzoniyus and Klipa of each world.
Refutation (4) Two Meshalim: 1) what words do to ideas 2) what the body does to the Kochos HaNefesh Huge Tzimtzum.
Refutation (5). “Klal Gadol” Essence is always hidden from “other.” What “other” knows is always less than what the source knows.
First answer (1). Preface: tools in creation: Chakira- Nivdalim the tools themselves are creations. Kabalah- Netiyos (Sefiros) the tools are themselves G-dly. The difference: if the tools are creations there will be in-exactitude in the creations (not due to the creator but) due to the limitations of the tools. If the tools are “G-dly” they...
First answer (2). Tools of Kabbalah allow for an exactness between Havaya and Elokim.
First answer (3). The idea of MiBsari Echezeh Elokah- the human being is the perfect Mashal for Elokus because “Nishtalshelu Mehem”. 1) Two aspects of each Koach, to reveal and to limit, are not in combat with one another.
First answer (4). examples of the joining of the Koach Hagevul and Koach Habli Gvul as one cooperative unit. The famous “Avodas HaKodesh” (who was he): Kesheim Sheyesh lo koach bibli gvul kein yesh lo bigvul (He has power in the finite just as His power is in the infinite).
First Answer (5). Idea of “Ain etzem mastir al Etzem” or “hagbalah retzonis aino hagbalah” as a self imposed limitation isn’t really limiting. Similarly, Elokim’s limiting Havaya is not really limiting Havaya as they are ONE with Him and therefore one with one another.
Second answer Mashal (1). A teacher reduces his knowledge to reach his student using different methods, here three are mentioned: 1) He gives only the Chitzoniyus HaSechel. 2) using the means of “Derech Ktzara” 3) using the help of Mashalim. But the reduction is only to the student and not to the teacher who sees...
Second answer Mashal (2). An idea consist of three dimensions: 1) length- bringing it to lower levels. 2) breadth- how the idea is linked to other ideas. 3) depth- the very essence of the idea. In teaching all three are compromised.
Second answer Mashal (3). The Mashal brings the information to the student and the teacher sees through it to the Nimshal. Mashal the globe is an example for Malchus of Atzilus in four aspects: 1) globular shape; 2) heaviness, 3) denseness, 4) the fact that life grows on it’s surface.
Second answer Mashal (4). The advantage (even for the teacher) of knowing through the Mashal: seeing the G-dliness vividly through the physical world. Only Prophecy is considered the spiritual equal to seeing things vividly. This advantage remains a constant advantage of Gashmiyus over Ruchniyus.
Class Twenty One.
Third answer Mashal (1). reading the entire Mashal in the text. Not only is the tzimtzum not a tzimtzum for the teacher, it is not even a Tzimtzum for the student, two levels: 1) The Tzimtzum is not a “Hester Amiti” a true tzimtzum which is only by Klipa where the idea is to cover...
Class Twenty Two.
Third answer Mashal (2). 1) the idea of “In other words” the frustration of both teacher and student. Carefully chosen words that carry the entire “essence”. 2) The precision in communicating all there is subliminally to the student happens through two things: 1) Inyonim (perhaps) this means discussing “around: the idea to guarantee a healthy...
Class Twenty Three.
Third answer Mashal (3). 3) True Hester is both to Mashpia and Mukabel, if it’s not hester to one it is not (really) hester to the other. 4) Ohr Yashar and Ohr Chozer, what they mean. What they mean in the context of Mashpia and Mikabel.
Class Twenty Four.
Second answer Nimshal (inside). The Tzimtzum is to us and not to Him; it is not “Hester Amitti”. Tzimtzum can only happen in Makom and His evacuation of the Makom is not Kipshuto (actual) it is only to us.
Class Twenty Five.
Nothing good comes from a negative act (Tzimtzum and Siluk). Therefore after the Siluk there is a return of manifesting of Elokus called Hislabshus Koach HaPoel BiNifal. Three steps in Mashal of Rav and Talmid like the three (not two) steps in Tzimtzum HaRishon. This mirrors the three steps of Machshava Dibur Ma’aseh.
Class Twenty Six.
Elokus of darkness. Another path altogether, but not in this Ma’amar. See Shaar HaYichud VihaEmuna end ch. 4-5.
Class Twenty Seven.
Elokus everywhere as indicated in the idea of Ein Sof Limata ad ain Tachlis. Beginning of Nimshal to third answer (1). No real Hester means that the Talmid can ultimately have everything!
Class Twenty Eight.
Nimshal for third answer (2). The Tzimtzum isn’t real to the Mashpia so it’s not real for the Mikabel. Havaya has three meanings: 1) Atzmus, 2) Ein Sof, 3) Mihaveh (Creator). The third Havaya is using Elokim to create, but the creation (as understood in THIS Ma’amar) is attributable to Havaya (only through Elokim).
Class Twenty Nine.
Nimshal for third answer (3). The Ein Sof isn’t hidden it’s just delivered in a receivable manner.
Nimshal for third answer (4). Ultimately, since Hashem is revealing and not hiding we can know the Ein Sof itself. Introduction to the second half of the Ma’amar, what is the meaning of knowing Ein Sof completely. Teva isn’t a blockage. Two examples. From This point on (until the end of the Ma’amar) the classes...
Class Thirty One.
Nisyonos (1). There are four levels: 1) Yichudim, bringing G-dliness down into vessels through Yichudim (Mimalei Kol Almin). 2) Birurim, sparks from Noga are separated and uplifted.
Class Thirty Two.
Nisyonos (2). 3) Teshuva heals even the involvement in the three completely evil Klipos, lifting them up because they cause the pain that creates the impetus for the Teshuva. 4) Nisyonos- impossible tests from darkness that have no reality (on the one hand) and are impossible to overcome within nature (on the other). In this...
Class Thirty Three.
Parnasa (1). The unique combination of making a vessel and remembering G-d makes the balance of faith vs. effort (for most people) a challenge. Too much vessel is called “Idol-worship in purity”. This then is the challenge to see Havaya through Elokim and not let the garment (Elokim) become G-d (Havaya).
Class Thirty Four.
Four philosophies: אחדות שיתוף עבודה זרה וכפירה. אחדות There is no power other than Him, no one but He has any power, and on the higher level, nothing but Him actually exists. שיתוף There is One G-d who is in charge but there are other forces with independent power and free will; who LISTEN TO...
Class Thirty Five.
The Rebbe’s Sicha (Lkutei Sichos vol. 20 Parshas Noach (page 13)) about the first chapter of the RaMbaM’s Hilchos Avoda Zara and the story of idol worship. The issue is if the intermediates are one with Him or independent in any way. Examples: Shlomo’s book of Refua and the Serpent Chizkiyahu melted down. The question...
Class Thirty Six.
The extent to which it is true that whether something is or isn’t Avoda Zara depends on whether it connects or separates. Example: the Keruvim according to the RaMbaN. Every rule has exceptions except Avoda Zara and it really comes down to whether it is connected or separated. Dor Haflaga separated between Elokus and Adna-i...
Class Thirty Seven.
End of the Ma’amar. When the Yidden went through that Golus they opened themselves up to seeing G-d in the world in the miracles of Yetzias Mitzrayim and in the miracles going into Eretz Yisroel.